In 1966 the Latin Americans in the United States they were 8.5 million, only the 4% of the inhabitants of the country, while the Afro-American constituted the 11% of the population, that is to say, 22.3 million.
To 40 years of distance, time in which the population of the country has grown in 100 million according to a study brought to light Tuesday by the Pew Hispanic Center, the Latin Americans have reached already the 15% of the total of inhabitants.
Of those 100 million the growth of the population, that refers al turned out of births and deaths, immigration and emigration; 36 million were Latin Americans, 34 million white, 16 million Afro-American and 13 million Asians and of the islands of the Pacific.
With 44.7 million inhabitants currently, according to figures of this center of investigation, the Latin Americans have become the group ethnic of greater growth in the country, surpassing to the total population of Afro-American that reached the 38.7 million.
The total population of the country reached the figure of the 200 million in the middle of the decade of 1960. At that time the 84% they were white, 11% black, 4% Latin Americans and 1% Asians and of the islands of the Pacific.
The Pew Hispanic Center indicates in their report that diverse factors have determined this demographic change, among them the laws of immigration of 1965, 1986 and 1990, as well as to the best quality of life and the decrease of the levels of fertility in certain ethnic groups.
The immigration of Latin America and the high levels of fertility among the latin american women were the main factors of the increment, emphasizes the study.
The white or Anglo-saxon population grew of 167.2 million to 201 million, what represents the smaller growth as for percentage inside its own ethnic group, that is only of the 20%. In the meantime, who more they grew like ethnic group were the Asians and of the islands of the Pacific, of 1.5 million to 14.3 million, that is a growth of the 850%. The Latin Americans had a growth of the 425% and the black of the 73%.
Of the 100 million of new inhabitants in the last four decades, more than 55 million were immigrants and their born children here, of which 29 million were Latin Americans, 12 million Asians and islanders, 10 million white and four million Afro-American.
Of the total of growth of the population in the last 40 years, almost 35 million they were by the immigration and almost 21 million they were born here and are children of those immigrants.
Sergio Baraona, director of civic participation of the Center of central american Resources (they LACK), commented that the growth of the latin american population has been one of the fastest, which implies that there are many Latin Americans of second and third generation and it creates challenges as for the social and cultural integration of this group to the structure of the country.
"This puts us in different directions and challenges, if are the apt programs to absorb this population, if there is program of health for protect these new citizens, and if these families are having access to social services, education, dwelling and work", thought.
According to Baraona, who participated in December of 2005 in a study with Gilberto Purple, of the University of Notre you Give me; the purchasing power of the Latin Americans for that moment was of 686 thousand million dollars.
"That indicates that the power of purchase of the Latin Americans is important and that puts to the latin american community in another perspective, of way such that business and all the economy of the country can be benefited", indicated.
"Another interesting fact", added, "is that the population is being integrated politically to the company, there are many busy political positions by Latin Americans".
Earl Ofari Hutchinson, activist of the black community in The Angels, said that the data of this report do not surprise him, since the family bosses between Latin Americans and Afro-American they are very different.
The Afro-American families are used to having less children and are not immigrants in great measure, said Hutchinson, while the Latin Americans have numerous families, whether for cultural or religious reasons, besides that they are the ethnic group of greater immigration al country by the living conditions in their countries of origin.